Edited and translated by and Peter Paret. They are selected with the firm belief that while the original work remains an important and enduring product, sometimes we can all benefit from a quick take on a topic worthy of a longer book. In that year he returned to duty with the army. He is most famous for his military treatise Vom Kriege, translated into English as On War. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2015. Another example of this confusion is the idea that Clausewitz was a proponent of as used in the Third Reich's propaganda in the 1940s. In this, Frederick the Great and Buonaparte are particularly characteristic.
Clausewitz's thinking is often described as because of his method; but, although he was probably personally acquainted with Hegel, there remains debate as to whether or not Clausewitz was in fact influenced by him. For the sake of clearness and the profitable use of conceptions, it is necessary that things should always be called by their right names. Marie von Clausewitz née, Countess von Brühl On 10 December 1810 he married the socially prominent , whom he had first met in 1803. Clausewitz and the State: The Man, His Theories, and His Times. Princeton Shorts are brief selections excerpted from influential Princeton University Press publications produced e. Clausewitz himself died of the same disease shortly afterwards, on 17 November 1831.
However, such ideas as Clausewitz and Lilienstern shared in common derived from a common influence, i. His ascendancy as the preeminent theorist of modern war dates from the latter decades of the nineteenth century, when, in the wake of Prussia's victories over Austria and France 1866—1871 , the military architect of those triumphs, Count Helmuth Karl Bernhard von Moltke 1800—1891 , drew attention to Clausewitz's work. But we shall take a glance at our relations in Europe, as respects war, in order to arrive at some more definite idea on this subject. The inherent superiority of the defence obviously does not mean that the defender will always win, however: there are other asymmetries to be considered. Although the nature of warfare has changed dramatically since Clausewitz's On War was first written, this selection from his classic work remains an invalua The seemingly endless wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have renewed the age-old debate over what constitutes military victory. We think therefore, that exactly in our relations, as well as in all similar ones, the superiority at the decisive point is a matter of capital importance, and that this subject, in the generality of cases, is decidedly the most important of all. Military Affairs 1985 49 4 : 184—91.
Clausewitz's father, once a lieutenant in the of , , held a minor post in the Prussian internal-revenue service. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976. Frederick the Great beat 80,000 Austrians at Leuthen with about 30,000 men, and at Rosbach with 25,000 some 50,000 allies; these are however the only instances of victories gained against an enemy double, or more than double in numbers. Princeton Shorts are brief selections excerpted from influential Princeton University Press publications produced exclusively in eBook format. Though not currently the standard translation, this is increasingly viewed by many Clausewitz scholars as the most precise and accurate English translation.
If we are thoroughly penetrated with the conviction that with a considerable superiority of numbers everything possible is to be effected, then it cannot fail that this clear conviction reacts on the preparations for the war, so as to make us appear in the field with as many troops as possible, and either to give us ourselves the superiority, or at least to guard against the enemy obtaining it. We deliberately use the phrase 'with the addition of other means' because we also want to make it clear that war in itself does not suspend political intercourse or change it into something entirely different. Will the withdrawal of troops from Iraq and Afghanistan be seen as a sign of victory or defeat? The full text of the 1873 English translation can be seen in parallel with the original German text at. But just as, in the world of inert matter, the action against the centre of gravity has its measure and limits in the connection of the parts, so it is in war, and here as well as there the force exerted may easily be greater than the resistance requires, and then there is a blow in the air, a waste of force. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. See for example discussing Clausewitz's study of the —Wellington's only serious written discussion of the battle, which was widely discussed in 19th-century Britain. The edition cited here was edited by Michael Howard and Peter Paret, Princeton University Press, 1984, pp.
Sa vie et sa théorie de la guerre, Paris, Editions Astrée, 2013. Clausewitz, on the other hand, recognized that Napoleon's achievements were historically contingent, arising from social and technological circumstances that were bound to change. He was also present thirteen years later, in October 1806, when r. The British military historian attacked Clausewitz's theory in his book. Whether the troops thus brought are sufficient or not, we have then done in this respect all that our means allowed. Cancel the membership at any time if not satisfied. Creveld's and Keegan's assault on Clausewitz's Trinity is not only a classic 'blow into the air,' i.
The whole Marxist conception of history is that of successive struggles for power, primarily between social classes. He did influence , , , : 233—60 and , and thus the Communist Soviet and Chinese traditions, as Lenin emphasised the inevitability of wars among capitalist states in the age of imperialism and presented the armed struggle of the working class as the only path toward the eventual elimination of war. British military theorist contends that the enthusiastic acceptance by the military establishment — especially , a former student of his — of what they believed to be Clausewitz's ideas, and the subsequent widespread adoption of the Prussian military system worldwide, had a deleterious effect on and , due to their egregious misinterpretation of his ideas: As so often happens, Clausewitz's disciples carried his teaching to an extreme which their master had not intended. But he was equally concerned with other, less tangible factors that also shaped the outcome whenever such forces actually met. Clausewitz's acceptance of the struggle for power as the essence of international politics must have impressed Lenin as starkly realistic. It has always been regarded as a formidable text, and its initial public reception, while respectful, was decidedly limited: the first edition of fifteen hundred copies appeared posthumously following Clausewitz's death from cholera in 1831, and it was still in print twenty years later.
More than sixteen major English-language books that focused specifically on his work were published between 2005 and 2014, whereas his 19th-century rival faded from influence. The phrase derives from Clausewitz's stress on how confused warfare can seem while immersed within it. Buonaparte had at Dresden 120,000 against 220,000, therefore not the double. The Art of Project Management. Tempelhof in his history of the Seven Years' War is the earliest writer who gives it regularly, but at the same time he does it only very superficially.