We hope that, after reading the stories, you will know Toronto a little bit better. Toronto was one of the two meeting points for these soldiers when they left their lives behind, and began their journey to Spain. Even though they all add to our understanding of class struggle and workers' organizations in Canada in the 20th century, the four titles reviewed here are a fairly disparate bunch. A Decent Living: Women Workers in the Winnipeg Garment Industry. Rather, we need new attempts to connect the history of unions and other workers' organizations with theorizing class in capitalist societies as a process and relationship interwoven with race, gender, sexuality, and colonialism.
It is organized into over two dozen sections of varying lengths instead of a small number of chapters. This obviously was an organization created and shaped by a group of wage-earners who were overwhelmingly white male citizens. These include Tom Ewen later McEwen , Harvey Murphy, Arthur Slim Evans, and Rebecca Becky Buhay. Worker Views on Changes in the Winnipeg Garment Industry Amena Khatun f. In response to their expliotation on the shop floor, immigrant Jewish garment workers built one of the most advanced sections of the Canadian and American labour movements. On the Comintern line changes, see Kevin McDermott and Jeremy Agnew, The Comintern: A History of International Communism from Lenin to Stalin London: Macmillan, 1996 , 68-78, 120-136.
. From her early commitment to community service, her advocacy for women, children, and the elderly, Till aimed to make changes and fulfil a need within her community wherever possible. You are about to donate to the Champlain Society. Once in Spain, the Mackenzie Papineau Battalion faced even greater challenges. People from rural areas and children below Ontario's legal employment age of fourteen also swelled the ranks of the workforce and both groups were frequently uninterested in unions.
As a result, the Mackenzie King government imposed the Foreign Enlistment Act, to bar any Canadian involvement. Rose Signs 'Vigorously written, masterfully researched. Western United Jewish Relief Agencies Projects, March 1948. Renegades: Canadians in the Spanish Civil War. In spite of the turn away from studying the working class noted by Anderson, histories of the working-class movement in Canada are still being written. Until 1967, Tip Top Tailors was owned and operated by members of the Dunkelman family. This chapter also discusses wartime strikes, suggesting that the militancy of union officials exceeded that of rank-and-file workers.
Winnipeg: Manitoba Department of Industry and Commerce, 1974. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1974. Instead, I started to think about all the people who might have owned it, and the company that made it. These words were the slogan of men and women who fought against fascism during the Spanish Civil War. We may never know who used this pocketknife, but its history tells the stories of the industrialists and workers at Tip Top Tailors. A city-wide drive in Hamilton was less successful.
Relying on primary sources generated by union officers and staff can lead to implicitly adopting the standpoint of union officials on events and thereby to overemphasizing their agency relative to that of rank-and-file workers. Located at the southwest corner of Spadina Avenue and St. These awards have a profound impact on all involved, and we thank the Ruth Schwartz Foundation and the Ontario Arts Council for helping to make these awards such a memorable experience for all. A restaurant that does not serve meat or meat-products to accommodate those who follow the Kosher laws of kashruth that disallow milk and meat from being consumed together. Minutes of a meeting of the Western Executive Committee Dominion Council , Canadian Jewish Congress, 18 April 1948.
Ethnic, gender, and ideological divisions weakened the movement and were manipulated by employers and their allies. Schwartz had the ability to connect with children on a level that most adults could not. Montreal: Bureau of Social and Economic Research, Canadian Jewish Congress, 1946. Jewish Heritage Centre of Western Canada Archives. Jewish Heritage Centre of Western Canada Archives.
Final Paper: The Canadian Spanish Civil War Volunteers. The reader is left with no doubts about the tremendous dedication and courage of its officers and rank and file. Canadian Jewish Congress Bulletin, Congress Engaged in near-record Jewish Immigration into Canada, Montreal, 7 October 1948. However, reading them together raises a few issues none unique to these works--that I think deserve discussion. There was also an extremely high rate of turnover, with workers leaving one job to take a better one or to go into the military, and this hampered union organizing. Vivian Gornick,Emma Goldman: Revolution as a Way of Life, 2011 Kevin Plummer and Jamie Bradburn have also written excellent articles on the , and in Toronto. Doing so could enrich our understanding of some of the specific features of these unions and their relevance or irrelevance to different groups of working-class people.